Teaching Vocabulary to English Language Learners

Michael F. Graves, Diane August, and Jeannette Mancilla-Martinez

Catherine E. Snow

Abstract 1. Introduction

A Four-Part Vocabulary Program

The Likely Effect of the Common Core State Standards on Vocabulary Instruction for ELLs

An Overview of This Book

Other Sources of Information on Instruction for English Language Learners

2. Learning Words in a Second Language

The Vocabulary Learning Task Students Face

The Role of Individual, Home, School, and Instructional Factors in the Development of English Vocabulary in ELLs

Effective Vocabulary Instruction

A Final Word

3. Providing Rich and Varied Language Experiences

Promoting Incidental Word Learning

Directly Building Primary-Grade ELLs' Oral Vocabularies

A Final Word

4. Teaching Individual Words

Preliminaries on Teaching Individual Words

Introductory Instruction

Stronger and More Powerful Instruction

Repetition and Review

A Final Word

5. Teaching Word-Learning Strategies

A Powerful Model for Teaching Strategies

Preliminary Instruction on Word-Learning Strategies

Using Word Parts

Using Context Clues

Using Cognates

Using the Dictionary

Recognizing and Dealing with Multiword Units

Developing Strategies for Dealing with Unknown Words

Adopting a Personal Approach to Building Vocabulary

When Should the Strategies be Taught to ELLs?

A Final Word

6. Promoting Word Consciousness

Creating a Word-Rich Environment

Recognizing and Promoting Adept Diction

Promoting Word Play

Fostering Word Consciousness Through Writing

Involving Students in Original Investigations

Teaching Students About Words

A Final Word

7. Empirically Validated Vocabulary Programs for English Language Learners

The Vocabulary Improvement and Oral Language Enrichment Through Stories (VIOLETS) Program

Acquisition of Vocabulary in English (AVE)

Word Generation (WG)

The Quality English and Science Teaching (QuEST) Project

A Final Word

Children's Literature Cited

Teaching Vocabulary to English Language Learners

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