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Response to Intervention (RTI): Overview

IRA believes that all learners have a right to instruction that builds on their strengths and addresses their needs. Children and adolescents who struggle with literacy require particular types of support. In the United States, Response to Intervention (RTI) increasingly provides a framework for working with struggling readers, but many approaches can be used both within and outside of RTI.

For even more information about struggling learners and RTI, be sure to explore the Resources tab of this section; information about publications and networks can be found under the tabs above. Find even more by clicking "Struggling Learners" under the Topic heading in advanced search.

About RTI

Response to Intervention Task Force

The charge of IRA's RTI Task Force is to link the talents of IRA members with opportunities for involvement in implementation and professional development. Interested in participating in RTI-related activities? Contact IRA at or call 202-624-8800 for the name of your RTI Task Force state IRA council representative.

Read the draft version of their paper IRA Commission on RTI: Meeting the Needs of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students.

Response to Intervention: Guiding Principles for Educators

Response to Intervention: Guiding Principles for Educators brochure

To further clarify issues related to RTI with respect to language and literacy, the RTI Task Force offers the following set of principles as a guide to IRA members and others concerned with developing and implementing an RTI approach to improving the language and literacy learning of all students.

Response to Intervention in the Individual with Disabilities Act

The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was rewritten and signed into law in 2004. This Act changed many sections of the statute to reflect new ideas around learning disabilities and the concept of a preidentification strategy called Response to Intervention, or RTI. This memorandum explores changes in the definition of learning disabilities and the new option for schools to use an RTI model.

State Database from National Center on Response to Intervention (NCRTI)

The State Database provides resources on a number of topics related to response to intervention (RTI). The resources, which range from policy documents and briefs to trainings and tools, were developed by states, districts, or territories, in the U.S. who are in different stages of implementing Response to Intervention. Resources were compiled by NCRTI in an effort to share examples and information across states. They were gathered from public sources (e.g., websites, SPPs, APRs) and are intended only to provide examples— not recommendations—of RTI implementation in the field.

In the State Chart, you can see the answer from all states on these four questions:

  1. Does the State have a State RTI framework?
  2. Does the state have RTI Components in its SPP?
  3. Does the state have an RTI related SPDG?
  4. What does the state allow for SLD?

U.S. Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences (IES)

IES's "The Status of State-level Response to Intervention Policies and Procedures in the West Region States and Five Other States."

This report describes how nine states define and support RTI at the state level. The study addresses the following research questions: How is RTI defined in the nine study states, and how are RTI efforts supported at the state level? What considerations do state respondents report about developing state RTI policies and procedures, and how have their states addressed them?

IES's upcoming report, "The Key Features of State Response to Intervention (RtI) Initiatives in the Northeast and Islands," will provide an analysis of the RTI-related initiatives, policies, regulations, and structures for support currently in effect in all nine REL-NEI jurisdictions. The project will consist of a scan of the web sites across all nine of the REI-NEI jurisdictions using a common set of key words to collect their current policies, regulations, and guidance documents related to RTI.

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IRA's annual conference offers the best kind of professional development—the chance to learn and share with colleagues in a professional community. Check out for details.

Lesson Plans See more features numerous lessons suitable for all students. Browse or use the site's search tools.

The website is a collaboration between IRA, the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), and Verizon Thinkfinity. It provides reading and language arts educators with access to an ever-growing collection of free educational materials.

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